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Collection, Preservation and Display of Old Lawn Mowers

Old Jacobsen mower

I acquired an old Jacobsen lawn mower.

Engine Model # j-100-v             Engine S/N 12398

This number is on the deck 18-9857

I cannot find any info on this machine. Any info would be greatly appreciated.

Forums

Clive1997 Tue, 16/03/2021

Hello Sam

Welcome to the forum, a good looking mower, early 1950's could well be one of Jacobsons first rotary models, certainly the earliest advertisement I have come across was June 1951 when their 18in Rotary was retailing at $120.

I have found reference to your model in 1952, (below) although your fuel tank has moved a bit North I think! they do state new design features, which would perhaps indicate an earlier model?

Ransomes introduced their first rotary 'The Cyclone' in the mid 1950's I believe, so the companies Jacobson & Ransomes were perhaps on a par at that stage, obviously later to become one with Textron taking over Jacobson in1975 then Ransomes in 1998.

Unable to add any more about your specific mower, but perhaps one of our members from your side of the pond can help.

Sam Tue, 16/03/2021

Thank you very much for your reply. Now I know an approx. time frame. I am going to try to get it running. I have found a few pictures of similar mowers & the pulley was held on with a nut. It is not getting spark & I do not know if the starter pulley is threaded on. I don't want to twist too hard on it for fear of breaking the pulley.

wristpin Tue, 16/03/2021

Looks as though it might be a two-stroke engine. If you can post a couple of good images of the engine, perhaps with the top cowling removed , we may be able to identify the manufacturer and offer some advice re dismantling.

Sam Tue, 16/03/2021

The starter pulley needs to be removed before I can remove the cover. I think the pulley is threaded on but am not sure. For fear of breaking the pulley, I do not want to twist on the pulley too much until I know it is threaded.

hortimech Tue, 16/03/2021

Jacobsen made their own engines, never worked on any fitted to a rotary mower, but they fitted them to a 22" greensmower and I have worked on one of those, but it was a long time ago.

 

Sam Tue, 16/03/2021

I have looked everywhere on the web but cannot find much info. I assume it is a 2 stroke engine. The tag on the engine identification was j-100-v. Was the greensmower a 2 stroke?

wristpin Wed, 17/03/2021

I assume it is a 2 stroke engine. The tag on the engine identification was j-100-v. Was the greensmower a 2 stroke

If there’s no oil fill plug or dip stick, you are fairly safe in that assumption.

Most small engines turn clockwise at the flywheel end so if the rope pulley is screwed on it’s reasonable to assume that it’s a right hand thread to tighten it and anti clockwise to undo it.

Sam Wed, 17/03/2021

No plug or dipstick. That is why I thought it was a 2 stroke. The arrows on top of the pulley are pointing in a clockwise position. Are you saying I should turn the pulley in a clockwise direction to loosen?

wristpin Wed, 17/03/2021

Er Um !

What I said

"Most small engines turn clockwise at the flywheel end so if the rope pulley is screwed on it’s reasonable to assume that it’s a right hand thread to tighten it and anti clockwise to undo it.

However, I think that Hortimech has probably come up with the most likely answer.

Sam Wed, 17/03/2021

Thanks to all who have replied to this thread. I have posted over on this side of the pond with no replies. One of the sites is mentioned in the  above thread. I think my machine is an older version of the ones in the above link but if I can get the pulley off those manuals will be useful. There is no nut in the hole. There is a slot in the side of the pulley that may be for inserting a bar thru for turning it off. The arrows show the engine rotation as clockwise. If the pulley is threaded on, would it turn off in that direction?? (left handed thread)

hortimech Wed, 17/03/2021

I take it that the arrows are the direction to wind the starter rope (and hence the direction of engine rotation), so you will need to turn it in the opposite direction to the arrows to undo it. This would be in line with Tecumseh and B&S engines.

 

hdtrust Fri, 19/03/2021

As you are on the other side of the pond,you require American history not British.

Jacobsen first sold rotary lawn mowers in 1949, after purchasing a Company called Standard Manufacturing and Sales Company of Lebanon,Indiana in 1948 who produced their own range.

The engine being a 2 stroke Jake was derived from 1942 when all production of lawn mower ceased due to WW2.Jacobsens used their 2 stroke light weight designed engine as a back pack power unit for the United States Army.

Hope this helps

Kind regards

Andrew

Sam Sat, 20/03/2021

Thank you for the reply. I did find some history for the Jacobsen but not much else. I posted on two different forums over here but never received one reply. Your side of the pond has been very helpful. The starter pulley is threaded & I finally got it off. I am now working on removal of the flywheel. Per one of the manuals that was posted I put a nut on the threaded top of the crankshaft & hit it with a hammer while lifting up on the flywheel. It did not pop off. I am soaking it with penetrating oil. We will see what happens.

hortimech Sat, 20/03/2021

Do not do that, you could damage the crankshaft. You need a 'knock off' tool, which is basically a piece of round bar, approx 2 inch long and approx 1 1//4 inch diameter, drilled and tapped at one end the same size as the crankshaft nut. Once you have this, you screw it onto the crankshaft instead of the nut, finger tight, then back it off slightly, then hit that sharply with a 2lb ball pane hammer whilst holding the flywheel. Do not be tempted to use a 2 or 3 legged puller, you will probably split the flywheel. Also the use of penetrating fluid is unlikely to be of much use.

If you do not understand the above, just say and I will try to explain it better, or you could try searching the internet for a video on removing a Tecumseh flywheel, it is the same process.

 

Sam Sat, 20/03/2021

I understand except why is using a nut wound down not quite flush with the crank shaft any different than using the knock off tool you speak off?

The threads are 7/16-20. I guess I can try to drill & tap a piece of bar stock. I do not have a lathe & doing that on a drill press is not real easy to hit the center of the bar. I looked for a coupling nut but could not find one.

Sam Sat, 20/03/2021

I took another look at that & I understand having the knock off tool wound clear down the threads that there would be less chance of bending or breaking the threaded part of the shaft. I am going to try to make one.

hortimech Sat, 20/03/2021

It gives you more area to hit and you are less likely to give it a glancing blow, believe me, I have seen broken crankshaft ends when people tried to just use the nut. If it is 7/16th UNF, then this is the same as one of the Tecumseh knock off tools, so see here: https://www.amazon.com/Rotary-Flywheel-Tecumseh-670103-Thread/dp/B00CNU…

Though, do be careful , there are two sizes 7/16th UNF and 1/2 UNF and that one doesn't specify which it is.

 

 

Sam Sat, 20/03/2021

The threads are 7/16-20. I just made one out of a piece of bar stock I had. I threaded it on but am waiting for my nephew to come up. The mower actually belongs to him & I want him here before I bust something. We tried it with a nut & wacked it pretty hard but it did not pop off. Maybe we will try a bigger hammer tomorrow.

Thanks again for your help.

DJD Sat, 20/03/2021

There should be slight play on all mower crankshafts, up and down or back and forth in the cases, what you need to do is jam something quite tightly between the ally flywheel and the engine casting, so that clearance is taken up, using a "knocker" type correct tool, that clearance is your insurance policy, just sticking a screwdriver vaguely under will not do the job at all.Hard wood like oak or even a very hard plastic tree feller's wedge will suffice also.

Folk have been known to drive cranks out of the engine casing the other side, according to Mr Dempsey in his lawn mower repair book!!!

Good luck with it, but don't get impatient, give it thought, which costs nothing, damage always does...

hortimech Sun, 21/03/2021

Not wanting to start an argument here, but don't do that either, just pull on the flywheel and hit the knock off tool smartly and as squarely as possible, it is the 'shock' that gets the flywheel off the crankshaft.

wristpin Sun, 21/03/2021

Not wanting to start an argument here, but don't do that either, just pull on the flywheel and hit the knock off tool smartly and as squarely as possible, it is the 'shock' that gets the flywheel off the crankshaft.

No argument needed, that is the way to go, no wedges required. If you can get a grip under the flywheel with your fingers and take the weight of the engine or complete mower, a sharp smack on the knock off tool with a decent sized hammer is all that’s required. 

Sam Sun, 21/03/2021

 

Well my home made knock off tool worked. I got the flywheel off without busting anything. Removed the points & cleaned everything up. Used scotch brite to clean the flywheel.The points had oil on them but were not pitted or burned. Set the points @ .020 & put it back together. Still no spark. I was checking for spark by grounding the plug against the engine. Is there anyway of testing the coil or the condensor? I am pretty much lost at this point.

wristpin Sun, 21/03/2021

The resistance of the primary and secondary windings of the coil may be measured with a multimeter but obviously one needs to have values to compare with. The condenser ( capacitor) may be checked with an analog   meter, but as with the coil, nothing beats a dedicated tester. 

Back in the day , the Mercotronic, one of the testers of choice, came from your side of the pond. I’ve still got mine but it’s battery powered and the correct nine volt battery is no longer available so it gathers dust while I use a mains powered unit.

Before you go down the testing route, try for a spark off the end of the lead, no plug and no connector. Just hold the end of the lead about a quarter of an inch away from unpainted metal . Still no luck; check that the points faces are absolutely clean and closing squarely to one another. Also check that there are no stray strands of wire or missing insulating washers.

Sam Sun, 21/03/2021

Thank you. I will try your suggestions tomorrow. I'd really like to get this thing running

Sam Mon, 22/03/2021

I cleaned the points with emory cloth & checked the wires. Where the plug wire goes into the clip on the coil it was just thru the hole and bent over & was not tight. I squeezed it with a pair of pliers. I would think the wire should be soldered at that point. I am afraid of destroying the coil if I solder it. I thought maybe epoxy or putting a connector on the end of the plug wire & attaching it to the clip with a small machine screw. As you suggested, I held the lead about a 1/4 inch from bare metal. I now have spark.

wristpin Mon, 22/03/2021

 I now have spark.

That’s  good. As you say, there could be a risk with soldering against the coil. Depends a bit on your equipment and skill so perhaps cutting back the insulation a bit to get enough bare wire to thread through the eyelet and twist it back onto itself. With the voltage going to the HT lead probably in excess of 22k, you should be ok.

Sam Mon, 22/03/2021

My soldering skills are next to nothing. The hole in the clip is not big enough to accept the complete wire. I will have to split the strands and wrap it together.              I have to say thanks again for everybody's help. 

DJD Tue, 23/03/2021

The HT wire is about two thou's thick, on motorbike Wipac etc systems we are told to simply wind the HT multi strand wire inside the little factory soldered on loop provided. Old Villiers coils used a spring loaded piece of brass to simply sit on top of the factory soldered on brass connector /contact. I don't think applying a hot soldering iron to such old equipment is wise, but it's your machine and your choice. Good luck with it anyway.

Sam Wed, 24/03/2021

Definitely not going to solder. I twisted it & got it pretty tight. I am in the process of cleaning the tank & sediment bowl.

Don't know what to do about the carb. I am hoping to find a kit for it. It is a Tillotson MT-3B. I don't want to open the carb until I have the kit to put it back together. By the looks of the tank & sediment bowl, the carb is probably pretty ugly inside.

Sam Sat, 03/04/2021

First of all I want to thank everyone who replied to this thread. With the knowledge provided on this website & another website, this is what I have done to the machine,

I cleaned the points, gas tank, sediment bowl, air cleaner & muffler. I did not do anything to the carb, Thought I would try to start it before messing with the carb. I put a new plug & fuel line on it. Mixed up some gas with non detergent 30w oil with a 16 to 1 ratio. One pull & she fired up & purred like a kitten.

Thanks again.